This, a couple of samples from a family shoot I just did, is why you probably want to hire a photographer for a family shoot rather than using an iPhone to just snap away:
Those are pretty much straight from the camera. So what does that take? Well, experience, insight, plus:
- A large battery-powered flash fired into an umbrella.
- A couple of pocketwizard radio triggers.
- Set your shutter to 1/250 sec, ISO to 100.
- Start at f/8 and be ready to change the aperture to set the background 1-2 stops below nominal (f/11 in this case).
- Turn the subjects away from the sun.
- Position them right.
- Shoot at just the right moment.
Simple once you know. And if you don’t know, I have two pieces of advice: One, learn (I teach, and I write books!) and two, start by hiring a pro.
Photographer. Not just anyone with a camera.
For this, for instance, taken during a recent baby shower…:
…you need this…:
…and a lot of time. Just loading and unloading all that gear and setting up takes an hour or more.
And that is why photographers charge a fee for their work, and that fee covers all that work plus the post processing. Your nephew with a camera can click, but he can’t give you the quality images that you get when you do it properly.
Even when using an iPhone, you need to know stuff in order to take the best photos.
Like this one here (click to see it large):
Here’s Five Tips for this type of iPhone photo.
- Focus, if needed, by tapping the screen on the object you want to focus on.
- Adjust exposure as needed by dragging up or down on the screen at that point.
- For a macro shot like this, actually back off a little and crop the photo later. This is a key point.
- And most importantly, add plenty of light. This needs to be non-direct light. I prefer outside, but out of direct sunlight.
- Finally, adjust your crop and white balance, and anything else needed, afterward, by clicking on EDIT.
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Sometimes, you will experience lens flare, a lowering of contrast due to incoming bright light. Like here, from a recent event:
You can’t do much about this: it will happen especially with longer lenses and lenses prone to it.
What you can do is minimise it and its effects. Here’s how:
- Remove any protection filter that your lens has on it. These make flare worse.
- Ensure that the lens is totally clean.
- Use the lens hood your lens came with.
- In addition, shield your lens from incoming backlight with your hand if you can.
- Position yourself so as to minimise incoming backlight. As you can see in the photo, this is not always possible.
- Avoid overexposing.
- In Lightroom afterward, use “remove chromatic aberration” in the lens correction section of the Develop module.
If you follow those tips, you have done all you can!
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Wednesday was another day for the macro lens. This time at the Botanical Gardens in Burlington, Ontario.
These froggies were in glass cabinets, so the main objective is to avoid reflections:
Then, plantie thingies, with some brilliant spring-like colours, because it’s spring, at least in the greenhouse:
And then there’s the niece:
Settings were: 5D Mk3 with macro lens; manual exposure mode, 800 ISO; various aperture and shutter speed settings achieved using the built-in light meter.