Have a close-by object (we call this: “Close-Far”);
Have diagonal lines in the image (the foreground needs lines or texture, preferably)
Use a wide angle lens.
The wide angle lens facilitates 1 and 2, and also has two other advantages: it is easy to get everything sharp if you wish (here, I did not wish); and it is easy to shoot at show shutter speeds.
So pack your 16-35 lens if you have a full frame camera, or your 10-20 or similar if you have a crop body, and go shoot some depth pictures.
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A few things work very well in composing images. I shall reiterate a few of them here, using recent photos:
First, framing. It is often a good idea to frame the object you are shooting. Use overhanging trees. A window frame. Or get even more creative, like here:
Not that every frame leads to a good picture – but some do, so learn to spot them.
Another technique that we often like: use reflections. Like here, since water is often a good source.
What did I use in the picture above? Yes, my speedlight. On camera, and zoomed in to 125mm, even though the lens is wide. And as you see, I did not use the rule of thirds in the vertical sense: because I wanted to get the reflection in.
There there’s “close-far”. Use a wide lens and get close to something in order to show depth:
And one more picture just for fun:
That images uses the above, plus it uses the background in order to tell a story.
There’s more – like the use of colour, and simplifying. A bit of thinking goes a long way in composing your shots!
A typical “B-roll” picture – a picture that helps…
…set the scene – where we are;
Tell something about the environment;
Make the viewer “work it out”;
Provide a visually interesting image.
In this case, elements are: the blurred scene in the background (people eating and drinking, the waiter, the umbrellas); the Hebrew on the coke bottle; the menu including shoarma; the sunny background; and the three-dimensional feeling created by the “close-far” technique.
When you next travel, try to take lots of images like this. You’ll be amazed how much easier it is to tell the story.
Those of you who ever shoot events (indoors or outdoors, from weddings to parties, from sports to graduations) will be glad that I have developed a special course in “Event Photography”. You will see this marketed in various places soon (check out Henrys: link soon).
One quick tip from that course here: Develop your own “safe shots” and always include those.
Here is one of mine.
Why is that a cool shot?
It shows depth.
It blurs faces -ladies especially love this.
It is fun and everyone lives that fun.
Develop your own, and always get that. There, you’re on your way to developing a style!